Day[41/100] #100DaysOfCloud – Jonnychipz – Azure Durable Functions

In keeping with the Azure Serverless theme that I am on at the moment, I took the time today to explore the concept of Durable Functions.

So What is a Durable Function?

In summary an Azure Durable function is an extension to Azure Functions that enables Long lasting stateful operations in Azure. Typically, Azure Functions operate in a stateless environment, durable functions can maintain state in between calls.

There are 3 different Durable Function types:

  • Client – Run in response to triggers from multiple sources.
  • Orchestrator – Describes how and in what order actions are performed.
  • Activity – Are the basic task element of Durable Functions.

Application Patterns

Durable Functions can be used in various application types:

  • Function chaining
Function chaining pattern
  • Fan out / Fan in
Fan out/fan in pattern
  • Async HTTP APIs
Async HTTP API pattern
  • Monitor
Monitor pattern
  • Human Interaction
Human interaction pattern

Creating a workflow with a Durable Function

First we create our Function App:

Next we need to install the Durable-Funcitons npm package.

From the Azure Portal, we select our Funcitons App, and select App Service Editor under the Development Tools menu#:

Click Go and wait for the Editor to open. Browse to wwwroot and click open Console:

Enter the following commands to create and open a json file:

touch package.json
open package.json

Then add the following code:

"name": "DurableFunction-Jonnychipz",
"version": "1.0.0"

Save and Quit the document using CTRL+s and CTRL-q

At the console window enter the following:

npm install durable-functions

Restart the App Service:

Creating the Client Function

Add a New Function:

Select the Durable Functions HTTP Starter:

Name the function and select Function as the Authorisation level:

Our index.js file looks like this:

const df = require("durable-functions");

module.exports = async function (context, req) {
const client = df.getClient(context);
const instanceId = await client.startNew(req.params.functionName, undefined, req.body);

context.log(`Started orchestration with ID = '${instanceId}'.`);

return client.createCheckStatusResponse(context.bindingData.req, instanceId);

And our bindings file function.json looks like this:

"bindings": [
"authLevel": "function",
"name": "req",
"type": "httpTrigger",
"direction": "in",
"route": "orchestrators/{functionName}",
"methods": [
"name": "$return",
"type": "http",
"direction": "out"
"name": "starter",
"type": "orchestrationClient",
"direction": "in"

Creating the Orchestrator Function

Same process as before, we will click Add new function, select the Orchestrator Template name and check our standard template code:

We will user the following code for our index.js file:

const df = require("durable-functions");
module.exports = df.orchestrator(function* (context) {
const outputs = [];
/* * We will call the approval activity with a reject and an approved to simulate both */ outputs.push(yield context.df.callActivity("Approval", "Approved")); outputs.push(yield context.df.callActivity("Approval", "Rejected")); return outputs;

Creating the Activity Function

Add new function, use the Durable Functions Activity template:

We will call the function Approval:

We will use the following code for our index.js file:

module.exports = async function (context) {
return Your project design proposal has been - ${}!;

Checking the Durable Functions Workflow has started

Select the Function ‘HttpStart’ and get the function URL:

Copy the URL and paste it into a browser:

Replace ‘FunctionName’ with ‘OrchFunction’:

The return should be a set of URI endpoints:

If we now browse to the StatusQueryGetURI we should receive a response as follows:

There we have it, a durable function running through the workflow of an approval process.

We can extend the Durable function further by adding a timer etc. for long running task.

100DaysOfCloud Overview

My Main ReadMe Page is all set up with a bit about me!

The guys at 100DaysofCloud have set up the GitHub repo to be cloned and also have a great repo containing ideas and areas to collaborate on:

My Github Journey tracker can be found here:

Please Watch/Star my repo and feel free to comment of contribute to anything I push! I really look forward to hearing from anyone who is going to jump on the journey around the same time as me! Lets see where I get to in 100 days!

I would encourage others to jump on this journey, I’m not sure that I will be able to commit every day for 100 days, but as long as I can complete 100 days that will be great!

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